Uterine Fibroids (Leiomyoma)
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate from the uterine muscle tissue. Fibroid growth is dependent on estrogen and progesterone and is rare before puberty. Fibroid growth increases in prevalence during the reproductive years and often decreases in size after menopause. Uterine fibroids can alter a woman’s period and cause a variety of bulk pelvic symptoms.
Fibroids are found in approximately 70 percent of white women and in about 80 percent of African American women in the United States by the time they are 50 years old. Fibroids are benign and do not spread to other regions of the body. The risk of malignancy for uterine fibroids is very low.