How is Pelvic Venous Insufficiency (PVI) treated?
The embolization procedure consists of inserting a thin, flexible, plastic catheter (or tube) into the jugular vein in the neck. Liquid contrast agent is then injected into the veins of the pelvis and special x-rays are obtained. These images allow the doctor to visualize the refluxing pelvic varicosities and seal them off using sclerosant and coils placed inside the abnormal veins. The catheter is then removed and a small dressing is then applied. After treatment, patients can often return to normal activity immediately.